Dr Ullasa Kodandaramaiah
Associate Professor (Biology)
  +91 (0)471 - 2778068

(Updated Mar 2021)


Amarasinghe P, Joshi S, Page N, Wijedasa LS, Stone RD, Kathriarachchi H, Merello M, Judd W, Kodandaramaiah U & Cellinese N (2021) Evolution and biogeography of Memecylon. American Journal of Botany. DOI:10.1002/ajb2.1624

Mayekar HV & Kodandaramaiah U (2021) Partially coupled reaction norms of pupal colour and spot size in a butterfly. Evolutionary Ecology. DOI:10.1007/s10682-020-10090-w

Balamurali GS, Rose S, Somanathan H & Kodandaramaiah U (2021) Complex multi-modal sensory integration and context specificity in colour preferences of a pierid butterfly. Journal of Experimental Biology. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.223271

Arlet ME, Balasubramaniam KN, Saha R, Beisner B, Marty PR, Kaburu SSK, Bliss-MoreauE, Kodandaramaiah U & McCowan B (2021) Infant survival among free-living bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) in South India. International Journal of Primatology. DOI:s10764-021-00198-3w  (contribution to the study: provided scientific input)

Murali G, Mallick S & Kodandaramaiah U (2021) Background complexity and optimal background matching camouflage. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 75, 69. DOI:10.1007/s00265-021-03008-1

Dani KGS, Mathew J, Nila-Mohan TM, Antony R, Suresh S & Kodandaramaiah U (2021) Pores vs Spores: Competition between photosynthesis and reproduction is constrained by leaf mass per unit area (LMA) in ferns. Biological Journal of the Linnaen Society. 132: 346-358. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blaa189

Cyriac VP & Kodandaramaiah U (2021) Warning signals promote morphological diversification in fossorial uropeltid snakes (Squamata: Uropeltidae) Zoological Journal of the Linnaen Society 191:468-481. DOI: 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa062



Balasubramaniam KN, Marty PR, Samartino S, Sobrino A, Gill T, Ismail M, Saha R, Beisner BA,Kaburu SSK, Bliss-Moreau E, Arlet ME, Ruppert N, Ismail A, Shah SAM, Mohan L, Rattan S, Kodandaramaiah U & Brenda McCowan. Impact of Individual Demographic and Social Factors on Human-Wildlife Interactions: A Comparative Study of Three Macaque Species. Scientific Reports 10: 21991. DOI: s41598-020-78881-3

Molleman F, Halali S & Kodandaramaiah U. Brief mating behavior at dawn and dusk and long nocturnal matings in the butterfly Melanitis leda. Journal of Insect Behavior. 33:138-147. DOI: 10.1007/s10905-020-09753-x

Balasubramaniam KN, Marty PR, Arlet ME, Beisner BA, Kaburu SSK, Bliss-Moreau E, Kodandaramaiah U & McCowan B. Impact of anthropogenic factors on affiliative behaviors among bonnet macaques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.171: 704-717. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.24013 (contribution to the study: provided scientific input)

Molleman F, Halali S & Kodandaramaiah U (2020) Oviposition preference predicts larval survival in the grass-feeding butterfly Melanitis leda (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). European Journal of Entomology 117: 1-17.

Marty PR, Balasubramaniam K, Kaburu SSK, Hubbard J, Beisner B, Bliss-Moreau E, Ruppert N, Arlet ME, Sah SAM, Ismail A, Mohan L, Rattan SK, Kodandaramaiah U & McCowan B. Individuals in urban dwelling primate species face unequal benefits associated with living in an anthropogenic environment. Primates 61: 249–255. (contribution to the study: provided scientific input) DOI: 10.1007/s10329-019-00775-4

Kodandaramaiah U, Palathingal S, Kuru GB & Murali G (2020) What makes motion dazzle markings effective against predation? Behavioral Ecology 31: 43-53.

Murali G & Kodandaramaiah U. Size and unpredictable movement together affect the effectiveness of dynamic flash coloration. Animal Behaviour 162: 87-93.

Molleman F, Javoiš J, Davis RB, Whitaker MR, Tammaru T, Prinzing A, Õunap E, Wahlberg N, Kodandaramaiah U, Aduse-Poku K, Kaasik A & Carey J (2020) Quantifying the effects of species traits on predation risk in nature: a comparative study of butterfly wing damage. Journal of Animal Ecology. 89: 716-729



Cyriac VP & Kodandaramaiah U (2019) Don't waste your time: Predators avoid prey with conspicuous colors that signal long handling time. Evolutionary Ecology 33: 625-636

Cyriac VP & Kodandaramaiah U (2019) Conspicuous colours reduce predation rates in fossorial uropeltid snakes. PeerJ 14: e7508

Halali D, Krishna A, Kodandaramaiah U & Molleman F.  Lizards as predators of butterflies: shape of wing damage and effects of eyespots. Journal of Lepidopterist's Society 73:78–86

Balamurali GS, Edison A, Somanathan H, Kodandaramaiah U. Spontaneous colour preferences and colour learning in the fruit-feeding butterfly, Mycalesis mineus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 73:39

Dani KGS & Kodandaramaiah U. Ageing in trees: Role of body size optimization in demographic senescence. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 36:41-51

Murali G, Kumari K & Kodandaramaiah U Dynamic colour change and the confusion effect against predation Scientific Reports 9:274



Kodandaramaiah U & Murali G. 2018. What affects power to estimate speciation rate shifts? PeerJ 6:e5495  10.7717/peerj.5495

Murali G, Merilaita S & Kodandaramaiah U. 2018. Grab my tail: Evolution of dazzle stripes and colourful tails in lizards. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 10.1111/jeb.13364

Sahoo RK and Kodandaramaiah U. 2018. Local host plant abundance explains negative association between larval performance and female oviposition preference in a butterfly. 2018. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 10.1093/biolinnean/bly111/5090298

Kodandaramaiah U, Braby MF, Grund R, Müller CJ & Wahlberg N. 2018. Phylogenetic relationships, biogeography and diversification of Coenonymphina butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): inter-continental dispersal of a southern Gondwanan group? Systematic Entomology. 10.1111/syen.12303

Sahoo RK, Lohman DJ, Wahlberg N, Müller CJ, Brattström O, Collins SC, Peggie D, Aduse-Poku K & Kodandaramaiah U. 2018. Evolution of Hypolimnas butterflies (Nymphalidae): Out-of-Africa origin and Wolbachia-mediated introgression. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 123: 50-58

Cyriac VP & Kodandaramaiah U. 2018. Digging their own macroevolutionary grave: Fossoriality as an evolutionary dead-end in snakes. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 31: 587-598

Murali G & Kodandaramaiah U. 2018. Body size and evolution of motion dazzle coloration in lizards. Behavioral Ecology 29: 79-86


Cyriac VP & Kodandaramaiah U. 2017. Paleoclimate determines diversification patterns in the fossorial snake family Uropeltidae Cuvier, 1829. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 97-107

Sahoo RK, Warren AD, Collins SC & Kodandaramaiah U. 2017. Hostplant change and paleoclimatic events explain diversification shifts in skipper butterflies (Family: Hesperiidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology. 17:174

Dani KGS & Kodandaramaiah U. 2017. Plant and animal reproductive strategies: Lessons from offspring size and number tradeoffs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 5:38.

van Bergen E, Osbaldeston D, Kodandaramaiah U, Brattström O, Aduse-poku K, Brakefield PM. 2017. Conserved patterns of integrated developmental plasticity in a group of polyphenic tropical butterflies. Accepted. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 59

Mayekar HV & Kodandaramaiah U. 2017. Pupal Colour Plasticity in a Tropical Butterfly, Mycalesis mineus (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). PLoS ONE 12(2): e0171482.



Sahoo RK, Warren AD, Wahlberg N, Brower AVZ, Lukhtanov VA & Kodandaramaiah U. 2016. Higher level relationships among skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) resolved by ten genes. PeerJ 4:e2653

van Bergen E, Barlow H, Brattström O, Griffiths H, Kodandaramaiah U, Osborne C & Brakefield PM. 2016. The stable isotope ecology of mycalesine butterflies: implications for plant-insect co-evolution. Functional Ecology 30: 1936–1946

Aduse-poku K, Lees DC, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Wahlberg N & Brakefield PM. 2016 Molecular phylogeny and generic-level taxonomy of the widespread palaeotropical Heteropsis clade (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Mycalesina). Systematic Entomology 41: 717–731

Murali G & Kodandaramaiah U. 2016. Deceived by stripes: Conspicuous patterning on vital anterior body parts can redirect predatory strikes to expendable posterior organs. Royal Society Open Science 3: 160057

Simões BF, Sampaio FL, Douglas RH, Kodandaramaiah U, Casewell NR, Harrison RA, Hart NS, Partridge JC, Hunt DM and Gower DJ. 2016. Visual Pigments, Ocular Filters and the Evolution of Snake Vision. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(10): 2483-2495



Aduse-Poku K, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Brakefield PM, Wahlberg N. 2015. Systematics and historical biogeography of the Old World butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 15:167

Mukherjee R & Kodandaramaiah U. 2015. What makes eyespots intimidating—The importance of pairedness. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 34



Kodandaramaiah U, Lindenfors P & Tullberg B. 2013. Deflective and intimidating eyespots: A comparative study of eyespot size and position in Junonia butterflies. Ecology and Evolution. 3 (13): 4518-4524

Kodandaramaiah U, Simonsen TJ, Bromilow S, Wahlberg N & Sperling F. 2013. Deceptive single-locus taxonomy and phylogeography: Wolbachia mediated discordance between morphology, mitochondria and nuclear markers in a butterfly species. Ecology and Evolution 3 (16): 5167–5176

Dinca V, Wiklund C, Lukhtanov VA, Kodandaramaiah U, Noren K, Dapporto L, Wahlberg N, Vila R & Friberg M. 2013. Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic differentiation in a cryptic butterfly species complex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26(10): 2095-106


Peer reviewed publications (pre- IISER Thiruvananthapuram)


Kodandaramaiah U, Weingartner E, Janz N, Leski M, Slove J, Warren A, Nylin S. 2012. Investigating concordance among genetic data, subspecies circumscriptions and hostplant use in the nymphalid butterfly Polygonia faunus. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41058

Kodandaramaiah U, Konvicka M, Tammaru T, Wahlberg N, Gotthard K. 2012. Phylogeography of the threatened butterfly, the woodland brown Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 16(2): 305-313



Merilaita S, Vallin A, Kodandaramaiah U, Dimitrova M, Ruuskanen S & Laaksonen T. 2011. Number of eyespots and their intimidating effect on naive predators in the peacock butterfly. Behavioral Ecology 22(6): 1326-1331

Vallin A, Dimitrova M, Kodandaramaiah U & Merilaita S. 2011. Deflective effect and the effect of prey detectability on anti-predator function of eyespots. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 8(8): 1629-1636.

Kodandaramaiah U, Weingartner E, Janz N, Dalen L & Nylin S. 2011. Population structure in relation to host-plant ecology and Wolbachia infestation in the comma butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 24(10): 2173-2185

Kodandaramaiah U. 2011. The evolutionary significance of butterfly eyespots. Behavioral Ecology 22(6): 1264-1271.

Kodandaramaiah U. 2011. Tectonic calibrations in molecular dating. Current Zoology 57: 116-124



Kodandaramaiah U. 2010. Effects of Wolbachia on butterfly life history and ecology. Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 16, Nova Publishers (peer reviewed book chapter)

Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Müller CJ, Torres E, Karanth KP & Walhberg N. 2010. Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation of grass feeding butterflies: the subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10(1): 172

Kodandaramaiah U. 2010. Use of Dispersal-Vicariance analysis in biogeography - a critique. Journal of Biogeography 37(1): 3-11

Kodandaramaiah U, Peña C, Braby M, Grund R, Müller CJ, Nylin S & Wahlberg N. 2010. Phylogenetics of Coenonymphina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) and the problem of rooting rapid radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54(2): 386-394



Wahlberg N, Leneveu J, Kodandaramaiah U, Peña C, Nylin S, Freitas AVL & Brower AVZ. 2009. Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 276(1677): 4295-4302

Kodandaramaiah U. 2009. Butterfly eyespot evolution - phylogenetic insights from Junonia and related butterfly genera (Nymphalidae: Junoniini). Evolution & Development 11(5): 489-497

Kodandaramaiah U & Wahlberg N. 2009. Phylogeny and biogeography of Coenonympha butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) - patterns of colonization in the Holarctic. Systematic Entomology 34(2): 315-323

Kodandaramaiah U. 2009. Vagility - the neglected component in historical biogeography. Evolutionary Biology 36(3): 327-335

Kodandaramaiah U, Vallin A and Wiklund C. 2009. Fixed eyespot display in a butterfly thwarts attacking birds. Animal Behaviour 77(6): 1415-1419



Kodandaramaiah U & Wahlberg N. 2007. Out-of-Africa origin and dispersal mediated diversification of the butterfly genus Junonia (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20(6): 2181-2191



Peña C, Wahlberg N, Weingartner E, Kodandaramaiah U, Nylin S, Freitas AVL & Brower AVZ. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1): 29-49


Devagiri GM, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Deepak MS, Hegde R, Murthy MM, Devakumar AS & Kumar N. 2006. Effect of forest fire on natural regeneration of plant species in Rajiv Gandhi National Park, Karnataka. Annals of Forestry 14: 177-183